Certain gynaecological conditions can present with bladder symptoms such as cystitis and recurrent water infections, pain on urination, frequency of urination, inability to hold urine and urgency etc.

Conditions such as interstitial cystitis are often associated with endometriosis and can cause chronic pelvic pain. Vaginal prolapse can present as problems with urination. Urinary symptoms are often one of the problems that women with menopausal symptoms complain of.

In order to diagnose the underlying problem, you may need a cystoscopy (camera to look directly inside the bladder). This is a procedure usually carried out under a short anaesthetic as a day case, with minimal disruption to your normal daily activities.