A hysteroscopy is a procedure to directly visualise and examine the inside of the womb using a small telescope (hysteroscope). The telescope is passed into the womb through the vagina and the neck of the womb.

The procedure takes about 5 -15 minutes. It is possible to carry out other procedures at the same time, like take biopsies from the lining of the womb, remove polyps and small fibroids. Majority of women experience only mild period-type cramps after the procedure.

The risks are small. These include (but not limited to) cramping pain, bleeding, infection or perforation of the womb (making a hole in the womb). If there is a perforation of the uterus, you may need additional procedures such as laparoscopy (keyhole surgery) or laparotomy (open surgery) to fix any damage that may have been cause.